Premenstrual Tension or Premenstrual Syndrome

Premenstrual Tension or Premenstrual Syndrome

Also known as PMS, it is characterized by the appearance of physical and emotional symptoms that increase in intensity 4 to 10 days before menstruation and disappear with its onset.

To date, it has not been possible to understand the origin of this syndrome due to the diversity of symptoms, as not all of them appear in all women and vary in intensity.


Some symptoms of PMS are:

Altered emotional state and behavior changes:

Tension, anxiety, depression, irritability, hostility, sadness, anger, emotional lability, isolation, easy crying, change in work habits, bellicoseness, lack of motivation, altered libido, lack of concentration, indecision, paranoia, suicide ideas.

Somatic complaints:

Headache, mastodinia, nausea, diarrhea, joint and muscle pain, sweating, palpitations, altered appetite, weight gain, bloating, edema and oliguria.

Changes in motor coordination, dizziness, vertigo, paraesthesias. Acne, oily hair.


Due to the various manifestations that this syndrome presents, its treatment should be directed to the symptoms of each user. The most recommended diet at this stage is the high protein diet, avoiding carbohydrates, namely sugars.

Go below to our TPM information page.

Dr. Olga Santos

Especialista em Ginecologia e Obstetrícia 
Ginetricia - Lisboa

The scientific content reproduced on this page was developed by the health professional mentioned.

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